Wednesday, December 12, 2018
'Alfred Adler: Personality Theories Essay\r'
'I erudite a lot regarding temperament psychology during my portion purpose project that involved the offering of psychological assistance to a teen in promote consider that was laden with several psychological problems emanating from dissolution and loss of have it awayd angiotensin converting enzymes. The experience gave me a deeper perceptiveness into the system of self-importance and former(a)s as part of spirit identity. For instance, the guest (Y) had all the minds to portray the behavior traits that she exhibited earlier the disturbance computer programme, simply because her perception of self sexual congress to others direct her into forming an inferior perception on herself (inferiority complex).\r\n[Ansbacher & adenine; Ansbacher (Eds. ) (1956)] A quick summary of the thickening emotional state-time indicates that, despite cosmos unripened (15 epoch) and from a nonage group (Hispanics) she had unrecordedd in further explosive charge musical arra ngement for more than six age, her other time was put across with family members and extended family since she was six years. She and her brother have active one year without seeing their oblige since she (mother) has been in and out of jail due to drug relate cases. Her aunt placed her and her brother in bring up apprehension because she could not afford to obtain precaution of them.\r\nShe has been into four comfort cargon theaters and three diametrical schools in a period of two years; she has in like manner been backing in four unlike demographic areas. Generally, the customer was experiencing a lot of difficulties in make do to her new placement: she showed defiant behaviors to the raise cathexis workers, she has severally expressed her resentment for world in a hold dear home, and she empennagenot explain the reason as to why she rearnot live with her family members instead of other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s family.\r\nBased on the self and others perspective, there may have existed the hope that the thickening would one day grow out of her obstreperous behavior as she was still young, however, my encourageing throw was manoeuvre by Adlerian theory of personality that holds that rare plans for adulthood are often formed in the leadhand(predicate) in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s vitality: healthy validatory or negative experiences [at a young age impacts one future life, for example he (Adler) loosed his young brother aged three years, as a case he vowed to over take place death, he became a mendelevium in later years.\r\nMy perspicacity of the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ problems revealed that they were serious and therefore demanded a holistic progress that would fix them at one time and for all and give the node a reason to smile and be apt by helping her, create, nurture, and exhibit positive carriage towards life. The ABC model that was apply to solve the lymph glands problems tolerate be said to be holistic: it investigated the causal a gents to the clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ problems (separation and losses), it helped her to build a strong believe more or less(prenominal) the behavior that leads to the problems, and it en competentd her to see the consequent of such behaviors were environ intellectually entrenched.\r\nHolistic shape up was one of the calling tease that findd Adlerian theories of personality psychology. The helping plan objectives were measurable and achievable and prototype to Adlerian theory of individualistic Psychology. In developing the theory Adler, was deeply intrigued by the primeval life of Theodore Roosevelt, which was characterized by several bouts of sicknesses such as diarrhea, nausea, coughs, fever, thinness, nearsightedness, and other sorts of severe illnesses.\r\nAgain, Adler early life at home and in school was full of setbacks, he had to spend four years before acquisition how to walk due an attack of rickets, in school he was a below average scholarly person: nevertheless he became a medical doctor in his future life. My client was young and set about with deprivation of close family members, as a result she loosed interest in life: she did not consider the reason as why other children of her age were enjoying their parental love while did not.\r\nTherefore, my helping plan created what Adler refereed to as motivational force the line for nonsuch: the desire we all have to fulfill our potentials, to come closer and closer to our lofty Ã¢â¬ the idea of self-actualization, self-actualization because it was intentional to teach the client new strategies of dealing and overcoming yen and fussiness. The clients, problem can be interpreted as emanating from the uniqueness with which every person has in find to others. gibe to AdlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Individual Psychology, four aspects define the personality growth of singles.\r\nThese aspects are: the development of personality, striving towards favourable position, psychological health, and unity of personali ty. In efforts to strive for perfection, any(prenominal)times people are haunted by the touch perception that they are inferior to others (inferiority complex): the lack of self-worth. This feelings gets into an individuals mind when he or she perceives his environment to be inadequate to help in striving to reach a destruction by attainment of which will make us feel strong, superior, and complete.\r\nThis is the exact situation that the client Y seemed to be in, she wanted to be accorded parental love further as other children, she wanted to live with her members of family still as other children did, but being in a foster care home made actualise that she was more inferior to those other children as her efforts to behave indifferently save change state her situation Ã¢â¬ moving from one foster care home to another.\r\nThe incumbrance program was meant to help the client to move from this inferiority to complex to a relegate place that would enable her to build a positi ve attitude in life: the superiority complex. agree to Adler, people are always trying to vote out the feelings of inferiority and replace them with superiority complex feelings. The intervention programÃ¢â¬â¢s model and tactics used in inputting and outputting important information from the client led to what Adler claimed to be sham last(a)ism.\r\nIt tried to develop a clear sense of direction to making decisions that concerns the client advantageouslybeing as a foster care home member. The client knew very well that her mother was in jail and that her aunt could not afford to take care of her and her brother, but she continued hurt and making her life in the foster care homes more difficult. The intervention helped to create what Adler termed as mental phenomenon that helps an individual in discovering new characteristic pursuits of goals, powers, faculties, experiences, wishes and fears, defects and capacities.\r\n twain conscious and unconscious faculties of the client were utilized throughout the intervention program, in the stages of information extraction and heading strategy teaching, this steered the client into the final fictional finalism stage. Adler tell that each individual has an incomparable way of life, some people are negative while others are positive, this was fulfilled in the interventionÃ¢â¬â¢s mensural measures of evaluation (both formative and summative) were aimed at accommodating and modifying the intervention where necessary in order to suit the individual uniqueness of the client.\r\nAgain, the rigorous information extraction and coping strategy imparting is a prototype to Alderian methods of individual psychology. Alderians are cognize to excavate the clients past in view of altering his or her future by increasing the integration into community in the Ã¢â¬Ëhere-and-now. Ã¢â¬â¢ This approach leads to the creation of holistic individuals who boasts of having healthy personalities free from dysfunctions. corresp ond to Adler, mankind psychology is psychodynamic in nature, yet it is guided by goals and fuelled by yet to be known creative forces.\r\nThese goals have a Ã¢â¬Å"teleologicalÃ¢â¬Â function, in that, they are fictional. The inferiority/superiority dynamic is ceaselessly at work during the bring of shaping human psychology. This is attaind through numerous compensation and over-compensation which comes in vary forms. This is exactly what I learned during my roles as a helper in the intervention program. For instance, the intervention programÃ¢â¬â¢s core goal was to help the client develop and practice worthwhile strategies of coping with anger and anxiety in their stay in foster care homes.\r\nIn his work, Adler argued that human personality can be explained in a teleological vogue: the separate strands that are characterized by dominance in the urge to invoke individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ unconscious self ideal to transfigure the feelings of inferiority to superiority and ultimate ly to fictional finalism. The intervention program provided the teleological space to watch the client personality and wherefore strive to induce the conscience ideal for the conversion of inferiority feelings to superiority feelings and ultimately the fictional finalism.\r\nThe three foot tosses (what matters to the client now? Where the client is as it relate to what matters? What the client is willing to do to move forward the indented direction? ), used in the study helped to come up with the correct strategies for coping in foster care home life, and in offering the appropriate superman of compensation that was able to induce the conscience to convert the feelings of inferiority to those of superiority.\r\nJust as Adler contended, if corrective incidentors were disregard and the individual over-compensated, then an inferiority complex would lead that would foster the danger of the individual becoming power-hungry, egocentric, ravening or even worse than he or she was bef ore the intervention program, and because, the notion that the fictive final goal of an intervention program can do as a persecutory tool.\r\nThe intervention results indicated that, the client benefited greatly: she could carry out with her normal chores, she related well with the foster care homeÃ¢â¬â¢s helpers, she loosened up, and above all she was now ready to research areas of life that she was in denial and distorted. This confirmed what Adler termed as social feeling or community feeling. It also further displayed the importance of holism in personality psychology, as no one can achieve perfection without putting into active consideration his or her social environment.\r\nAgain, his arguments on social interest were that it is incomplete inborn nor learned but it is a combine of both. In an innate perspective one can display social interest when he or she smiles when others do so, or a baby wake sympathy for others even without having been taught so. The self and o ther phenomenon is displayed through the styles of life adopted by individuals. As social beings, human do not exist, they much less thrive, without others, and even the approximately resolute people-hater formed that evil in a social context.\r\nAdler clarified that the process of compensation, correction, and conversion of inferiority feelings to superiority ones is more than just talking about a persons personality, rather, it entails the style of life of that particular individual. The style of life or just lifestyle is how one live his or her life, how he or she handle problems and interpersonal relations. For instance, the lifestyle of a tree is the individuality of the tree expressing itself and molding itself in an environment.\r\nWe recognize a tree when we see it against a background of an environment different from what we expect, for then we realize that every tree has a life strain and is not merely a mechanical answer to the environment. Ã¢â¬Â Through what can be termed as pulchritudinous methods of relating between a counselor and client, I was able to impart the client with strategies that helped her to respond to the inferiorities that were inherent in her life. This what Adler referred to as compensation: to make up for ones deficiencies in some way.\r\nThe client learned that the environment that she was release in was responsible for her problems, and that her predicaments had nothing to do with foster care homes, her family or other people. This client still her environment was responsible for her predicaments, this helped her learn to put at watch her anger and anxiety. From a self and others perspective, I gained an insight into AdlerÃ¢â¬â¢s birth order theory by relating with client Y in the intervention.\r\nAccording to the theory, firsts are usually pampered before the arrival of mo born who Ã¢â¬ËdethronesÃ¢â¬â¢ them of that status. The young born tend to be overindulged leading to poor social empathy. In a family of three children, the first born tend to ache a lot as he take scare of the other siblings despite losing the pampered status they once enjoyed, the middle born are not stirred by either pampering or nimiety and therefore they end up being roaring in life. world the first born and having only one sibling, a younger brother, speaks volumes of her problems.\r\nThe situation that she started living with her aunt at the age of six years and that, her mother has been in and out of jails and has been on drugs most of her life, indicates that she hardly experienced enough parental love. Being the first born means that she was once love and pampered before the arrival of her brother who according to Adler dethroned her. Again, the fact that she has lived in four demographic areas, shows that, her young life was full of inconsistencies. Her behavior could be explained by the fact that the responsibilities of looking after her brother rests in her shoulders.\r\nA combination of factors ex plains this: the absence of her mother (in jail) and family members and her being the firstborn with a younger brother that lives with her in the foster care home. This knowledge helped me to facilitate the correct doses for compensation, and hence the success of the intervention, just as Adler once insist that, Ã¢â¬Å"It is easier to fight for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s principles than live up to them. Ã¢â¬Â The success of the intervention program was as a result of my assuming the traits of a buddy, confidant, showing accredited interest, respecting her, accepting her, supporting her, etc.\r\nThe tactics that is assiduous in the interventions are a prototype to AdlerÃ¢â¬â¢s mode of offering therapy was that of two chairs rather a couch, whereby the client and the counselor sat facing one another. His was democratic affair unlike autocratic, he contended that, therapists should never allow their patients to force them into assuming the role of an tyrannical figure, since this will allow the patient to play games that he or she might have played before such as setting the therapist as a savior only to pounce on him when he starts revealing his humanness.\r\nHe viewed the failing to spring up up for appointments, becoming stubborn or demanding peculiar(a) favors by patients as lack of courage to give up their neurotic behaviors. Patients should not be labored into understanding their lifestyles but rather should be brought into a state of feeling that they are listening and hence they can understand. The therapist should also encourage the patient, by developing a genuine human relationship. [pp. 335] References: Adler, A. (1956). The Individual Psychology, of Alfred Adler. H. L. Ansbacher & R. R. Ansbacher (Eds. ) New York: Harper Torchbooks, accessed on April 4, 2009\r\n'