Monday, January 14, 2019
Diabetes: The Growing Epidemic
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a growing global health problem that is a disease worth examining in some detail because in many another(prenominal) respects it typifies a disease of lifestyle. Diabetes has change magnitude since 10 years ag ace when it was only 30 one thousand thousand flock affected to nigh one hundred thirty-five million today (Hjelm, et al, 2003, p. 426). By 2025, it is estimated that in that location lead be roughly 300 million lot all over the world who will acquire this disease (as cited in Hjelm, et al World Health arrangement 1997).It seems that urbanization and industrialization seem to be the reasons that now face people of every country making them vulnerable to this risk (Hjelm, et al, 2003, p. 237). In circumstance it is now called a new world syndrome because it is the effect of modernization at present (Hjelm, et al, 2003, p. 238). Diabetes is a metabolic dis run in which the body fails to range the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Blood su gar levels in near people ar 50-150 mg. of glucose per 100 ml of blood.If a persons blood sugar level is persistently high, serious symptoms may develop. Fortunately, nurses argon in a good position to employ new look findings to fight and prevent this fatal disease. The increase in Type 2 diabetes demonstrates a disease in transition. The study therefore tries to raise sentiency among nurse educators regarding the causes of the disease by reviewing the present literature and discussing implications on the nub of nursing curricula in particular in Great Britain and Sweden.This is all the more germane(predicate) because nurses hold strategic positions to help reduce this problem. References in recent articles were consulted, especially those published between 1985-2001 including critical analysis of contemporary literature. Findings reveal that diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder personaized by chronic hyperglycaemia. (Hjelm, et al, 2003, p. 220). Aside from the other findings that fend for the data already characterizing the disease, it was known that people with DM have lessen life expectancy (Hjelm et al. 997) and there is a high risk of growth chronic complications much(prenominal) as microangiopathy, neuropathy and macroangiopathy.Social issues about diabetes Diabetes is socially produced, as posited by authors Liburd &type A Vinicor who state that Type 2 diabetes experienced by racial and ethnic majority groups in the United States directs a refocus of the public health seek and even its interventions. thither selects to be further studies on how community health models can reflect the changing status and sociopolitical dynamics of contemporary urban communities (Liburd & deoxyadenosine monophosphate Vinicor, 2003).Consequently, the produce in type 2 diabetes comes at the recent discovery of national and outside(a) increase in the number of obese people. There is a need to look into the different ways by which the government has intervened in the rise of diabetes among the minority groups. (Bardsley & Want 2004). Type 2 diabetes and obesity has been unceasingly referred to as the diseases of modernization. This disease has been the first to appear among the people of the Pacific Islanders, the Micronesians, Melanesians and the Polynesian ancestry.While the western checkup community continuously conducts studies on diabetes in order to attain a better savvy about it, there is a need to look into the surrounding background on how this ailment came about and how it has now been recognized as fast becoming one of the well-nigh common ailments among the people across the globe. Diabetes needs to be addressed in the public health system. Illnesses that are of natural causes can be do by by modern medical doctors, herbalists and other doctors of natural malady.While illnesses that are caused by occult forces or their agents can be treated by exploitation the power of a conjurer to produce and execute th e correct discourseConjurers are believed to have the ability to summon a supernatural force, such as a devil or evil spirit, either to do harm, such as inducing an illness or to expel a disorder On the other hand, for spiritual illnesses, they are treated by means of the power of a god acting through a phantasmal healer or medium that is required to diminish spiritual illness or induce a return to health in the character of a person believed to be suffering from spiritual illness (Liburd & Vinicor, 2003).An example are African Americans who are stereotyped as the murky Americans, they are varied on almost any dimension one could name in the sense that many are low income, a growing number are in the middle and upper income categories, and kinda a number are categorized as professionals. While there a number in the population who are not schooled, muted others are educated in different levels and educational background. Many of them are located in the rural South, but there are increase in numbers who are located in the urban areas in the North and West of America.African Americans have a vast array of characteristics and so the western medical community is advised to treat black patients as an individuals. Recent finding reveal that there about 10 million Americans with diabetes. Five million of which do not know that they have this disease. There three kinds of diabetes (1) Type 1 Diabetes, also called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. It is normally first diagnosed in children, teenagers, or young adults. The beta cells of the pancreas no eight-day make insulin because the bodys immune system has attacked and destroyed them This type of diabetes can be treated by taking insulin shots or using an insulin pump, proper choices of fodder intake, regular exercise, domineering blood pressure and cholesterol. (Liburd & Vinicor, 2003). (2) Type 2 Diabetes, is also called adult-onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes. It is the most com mon form of diabetes that can be positive during early childhood.It is begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which fat, muscle, and liver cells do not use insulin properly The pancreas functions to keep up with the added demand by producing more insulin, however in time, it loses the ability to secrete enough insulin in response to meals The treatments applied for this type of diabetes are diabetes medicines, choosing the proper food intake, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol (Liburd & Vinicor, 2003). (3) Gestational Diabetes is usually developed among women who develop diabetes during the late stages of pregnancy.It usually goes away after the baby is born. However, a woman can possibly develop type 2 diabetes afterward in life if preventive measures are not done accordingly. popular symptoms associated with diabetes Frequent urination, Extreme thirst, Extreme hunger, Dramatic weight loss with increased food intake, Weakness, fatigue, irritability, and drowsi ness, Blurred vision or changes in eyesight, Tingling or numbness in the fingers, arms, legs, or feet can also be observed.In sum, heathenish systems, values, customs and the environment they say may have contributory make in the development of ailments such as diabetes in persons. In fact, medical communities make use of these elements as means of understanding the reasons why diabetes and such other ailments are common among certain cultural and ethnical groups wish well the African Americans. The call for creative yet continuous studies and research is super demanded among dedicated and committed medical communities today, especially in the development of more effective medical studies.Research works done by considering the role of socioeconomic factors as well as racism, poverty, and race/ethnicity can be steadying and effective tools to widen the scope of research studies. The application of qualitative research methodology is an added tool to place objectivity in the cond uct of integrative studies as it also draws a holistic approach in understanding the context of valet de chambre behavior as well as human experience of people in their environment.Most often than not these are rich sources of areas of study that make the research work effective and realistic (Bardsley & Want, 2004 p. 107). In sum, the development of Type 2 DM is socially-related. Authorities and experts need to see this and its implications in order to develop measures to educate nurses and other people in the health profession so that more concrete stairs can be taken to keep more people hearty as long as possible. The management of self care in diabetic diseases involves an adaptation. Complication can arise due to social, psychological and physiologic consequences.