Saturday, March 9, 2019
Different Sociological Approaches To Health Essay
There argon many sociological approaches that explain wellness and threatening health. In this assign handst I will be focusing on Marxism, feminism, interactionaist and functionalism perspectives. The Marxist perspective believe that the middle class (middle class) exploit the labour (working class) as we live in a capitalist system and that if we lived in an communistic ordination that would be our i bargain familiarity because at that place would be e tone between everyone. In health and social c atomic number 18 setting doctors and surgeons are the middle class who exploit the proletariat who are patients. In England patients are ill-used by having to pay for prescriptions whereas Scotland and Ireland do non piss to pay for their prescriptions. The prices for music is also a nonher federal agency the bourgeoisie exploit the proletariat as they set high prices for their harvest-tides which enables them to make a large profit because there will always be a demand for m edication and peck get hold of them to restore their health so they will bargain the product no matter how much it costs as it is such a necessity.Further more(prenominal) private health care besides benefits the bourgeoisie as they are the only ones who rear end afford it, this gives them better access to health care for example if they need to seek emergency medical encourage they wouldnt withstand to wait for a long time whereas the proletariat would have to normally wait a few hours before macrocosm seen by anyone at a normal emergency medical centre. additionally each hospital discharges a various amount of capital on viands for the patients at the hospital. Some hospitals spend very little money and others spend a large amount of money on the food for the patients for example one hospital could spend 3.50 whereas on hospital could spend 30. Food is a major factor to getting rid of an disorder, as the nutrients in the food they consume help them to build up their total strength so in order to get better they need good nutrients which can only be provided by good quality food however not all hospitals spend a consider of money on food so they dont buy good quality food. This is also another way in which the bourgeoisie exploit the proletariat because mostly only the private hospitals which accommodate to the bourgeoisie provide good quality food.Feminists analyse the status in society between men and women with the purpose to better womens lives. Feminists state that it is more likelyfor women to become ill more often due to the deuce-ace shift (emotional, paid employment and domestic work) which can cause them to obtain from stress, anxiety and depression. One problem that might occur from this is that they could suffer from a skin disorder due to the stress this can cause them to have a low esteem. The stress from the triple shift may place to women taking large amounts of alcohol to cope with it. Some women may whoop it up a few gla sses of wine every night this can lead to many problems such as addiction, liver damage and poisoning. Others could deal with the stress by over eating as a way of escaping their problems which then leads to multiple health problems like obesity, heart conditions, diabetes, high slant pressure, cancer and breathing problems. Liberal feminists focus on the inequalities between men and women in the health care professions.They point out the lack of actor women have in their health care professions. Marxists feminists say that healthcare ensures that capitalist societies have a healthy work force which therefore works to prolong capitalism. They also believe that healthcare helps with the reproduction of the next propagation of workers through maternal care they provide with the workforce. Functionalists believe that there is a value consensus within society which is when everyone has an agreement of norms and values. Functionalists argue that a secrete healthcare system would eli minate the pressure of funding healthcare for the family, leaving it to focus on its key functions of primary socialisation and stabilisation of vainglorious personality. They also believe each institution has a positive tint for society and its individualistic members then their healthcare system must be positive. Parsons argue that all social actions can be understood if they have helped society to function effectively or not. The sick role disturbs society in the same way as crime does therefore ailment can be seen as deviant.Biomedical pretence for health and sickness states five features. Firstly they sate the affection is material it concentrates on physical symptoms and not social and purlieual factors however biomedical do not believe in mental illness ,depression and stress as they only look at physical signs of illness. Only medical professionals can care for the patient, this would be a problem to the mind causing the physical illness and the sufferer only bein g treated for the physical symptoms. Furthermore the consistence can be repaired with drugs and surgery but not all practice of medicine is needed to cure the body, also other factorsthat can help to rectify from an illness e.g. eating disorders which is not cured by medicine but is a mental recovery and accepting and talking about the problem. alike illness is temporary and illness can be cured by the elite however illness like cancer may not be temporary and the drugs used may not help which nub the cancer patient will have to leave their job depending on how long they have cancer. Lastly biomedical state that treatment is particular(a) and when treatments takes place it is different from the environment where the patient got ill however sometimes people get ill in the hospital when visiting because of the environment however weakness of biomedical case are reductionist because disease is reduced to biological causes without look at social and psychological factors, besides it underestimates the link between social structure and diseases.However the social model states that it is someone choice whether they see themselves as ill or not. alone it doesnt look at how society would look if someone took the mean solar day off for a sore throat because they could still function at work so people do not have a choice to be off. This also links to health and disease is a social construction which is where people are segregated on different factors such as race, ethnicity and gender. Also the social model states that a on the whole group of people will get ill and not the individual because they are more at risk as there are patterns of social class and ethnic inequalities in health. However the social model has been stated that it ignores the material factors that may affect a persons mental health such as poverty.