Tuesday, June 4, 2019
The Cultural Reproduction And Social Reproduction Sociology Essay
The Cultural Reproduction And Social Reproduction Sociology EssayThe word Reproduction as defined in dictionaries is simply the act of copying something whether it be a document, a sound, a culture, so that is looks exactly like the original. Reproduction can be use to both(prenominal) culture and baseball club so that it turns out to be a process by which aspects of culture are passed on from person to person from society to society. This sees in a number of different ways and so it is helpful to understand a small part of this replicas history previously people travel from different countries and places taking with them their customs, traditions, and even behaviors which were learnt by other individuals, which lead to interaction between different people and therefore resulted in the transfer of this information which was effectuate through a process known as socialization. From this we see that both social reproduction and pagan reproduction are very much machine-accessible to distributively other.Cultural reproduction is the transmission of existing cultural determine and norms from generation to generation. This is a process by which there is a continuity of cultural experience that has been carried on across time (which often results in social reproduction).Every society is mainly consisted of 3 crystalisees the upper class, the middle class, and the lower class which whitethorn all be further subdivided into smaller classes (ex occupation, etc.) When we look further into cultural reproduction of the social class, we find two opposing views concerning this issueA- glossiness as a set of class-instilled valuesB- Culture as a set of class-based skills and experiencesAEvery social class (especially the poor) has a set of values unique to ita- Work ethicb- Family valuesc- Independence vs. dependenceThese values heavily influence the day-to-day behavior of each class. They are passed along astray in whole from one generation to the next and becaus e of the self-achievable nature of these values, the members of various classes with either seize opportunities for advancement or will not.BWhen it comes to culture as a set of class-based skills and experiences, we are lead to 4 different outcomes.a- Self-promotion or self-eliminationThis means by adjusting ones goals to match real chances of success as well as embracing or avoiding situations that could advantageous depending upon whether the individual feels socially comfortable.b- Institutional blend in or mismatchChildren from the middle-class society are equipped with skills valued by ordinary institutions as a result of their parents socialization and valued cultural capital. Meanwhile, individuals with less cultural income are asked to perform at the same level as their more capitally-endowed peers and thus have to work harder to keep even.c- Informed vs. uninformed investmentsIndividuals with fewer cultural resources end up in less desirable positions and repay less out of their cultural investments (such as college selection) through unwise decisions.d- Direct inclusion or exclusionMembers of the middle and upper classes tend to recruit individuals from those who appropriate the same lifestyles, tastes, and experiences, and therefore exclude those who do not share them.On the other hand, social reproduction is rather a sociological term which refers to a process which both strengthens and preserves characteristics of a given social structure of tradition over a period of time. Even though reproduction may mean copying what existed in the past, it may not occur exactly for all societies. This is due to the environmental, social, economic conditions as well as technologies and processes that keep ever-changing over time eventually there are new individuals who have different characteristic and so relate to others in new and different ways.An font of social reproduction can be seen in birds such as pigeons and parrots, which sit together in a row o n a telegraph and each facing the same direction. Even when they fly, they do so in the same direction and then come back to sit again on the same wire, all facing the same direction (like they are following something). Like them, social reproduction requires us to maintain the uniformity of language as well as communication (just like the birds have to follow one direction) over time.Communication means to stay connected. Just as males and females need each other to biologically reproduce, we need each other to socially reproduce so that we can communicate with each other and relate to experiences but mouth language alone is not enough for communication Social reproduction allows us to create civilizations like the famous Taj Mahal and some(prenominal) others which can only happen when societies feel CONNECTED.Two sociologists Karl Marx and Pierre Bourdieu ask What are the effects of Social Reproduction and Cultural Reproduction on schools?This is a question asked by many other sociologists and so the emphasis on the opinions of both sociologists some this topic of social and cultural reproduction is to answer the question above.Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 1818 14 environ 1883) was a German sociologist, philosopher, historian, political economist, political theorist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. He developed the socio-political theory of Marxism. His ideas have played a vital role in the education of social science and he published various books during his lifetime, with the most famous The communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1967-1894).Pierre Bourdieu (1 August 1930 23 January 2002) was a french sociologist, anthropologist, and philosopher and is known for inventing the term Cultural Reproduction.Both sociologists argued in their theories about the effects of Social Reproduction and Cultural Reproduction on schools. They talk about the all-important(a) function of education is to socialize the working class into a culture of failure so that they take up, without question, routine and dull work. They also argue about that effects of both cultural and social reproduction on schools the ideas that are taught the values, attitude and personality traits that are instilled in students the ways in which schools are organizeBourdieu also adds that social inequality is reproduced in the educational system and therefore legitimized just as Marx said Students have to pursue on the formal learn status quo and so therefore students rarely come into contact with ways of thinking that challenges the existing social order. They also argue that the position of the dominant class is justified by educational success and the under-privileged position of the lower class is legitimated by educational failure. Furthermore, they discuss further that schools socialize students into certain values, attitudes, and personality traits that fit the interest of the dominant social classes ways of working.These arguments lead Bourdieu to co nclude that the major role of education in society is to contribute toward social reproduction which is the reproduction of the relationships of power and privilege between social classes.Therefore after looking further into what Cultural Reproduction and Social Reproduction are, and after knowing the arguments both Marx and Boudieu had about their effects on schools, I askHOW CAN CULTURAL AND SOCIAL REPRODUCTION BE MORE OF A DISADVANTANGE TO SOCIETY?